By Christopher CorÃ¨don
An curiosity within the center a while usually brings the non-specialist reader up brief opposed to a be aware or time period which isn't understood or purely imperfectly understood. This dictionary is meant to place an finish to all that: it's been designed to be of genuine support to basic readers and experts alike. The dictionary comprises a few 3,400 phrases as headwords, starting from the felony and ecclesiastic to the extra prosaic phrases of everyday life. Latin was once the language of the church, legislations and govt, and lots of Latin phrases illustrated listed below are often present in glossy books of heritage of the interval; equally, the proper that means of previous English and center English phrases may possibly elude modern-day reader: this dictionary endeavours to supply readability. as well as definition, etymologies of many phrases are given, within the trust that understanding the foundation and evolution of a notice supplies a greater figuring out. There also are examples of medieval phrases and words nonetheless in use at the present time, another relief to clarifying which means.
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Extra resources for A Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases
In *LHP, anyone proclaimed an *outlaw would forfeit such land, which reverted to the king. Bocstæf. A letter of the alphabet; that letter which is alliterative in a line of OE poetry; modernised as ‘bookstave’. Bodkin. g. ; a pin used to fasten hair; most familiarly, and later, a *dagger or a stiletto. Bodkin and pin (the seamstress’s and hairpin) were used synonymously 43 a dictionary of medieval terms and phrases until the 16c and later; up to six inches or more in length, they were potentially lethal.
And Syr Morice Brun, knight’. It was the Latin form for what we know as a country squire, a man with land, well-born but not knighted. [< L armiger = bearing arms, armed] – Cf. next Armigerous. Term used now for someone entitled to bear heraldic arms. – Cf. previous Armil. A bracelet, part of the royal *regalia; also, later, a stole used at coronations, made of cloth of gold, which indicated the sacerdotal aspect of a king conferred by anointing. Arms, Assize of. 1181. This *assize extended the obligations of military equipment and service to those not previously affected.
A smith who specialised in every kind of blade. Blanc. Silver coin minted in France by Henry V, worth 5d. It was also known as a blancum. The term ‘blanc’ or ‘blanch’ indicated the coins had been assayed. – Cf. Blanch farm; Inblanch Blanch. Her. A synonym for ‘white’ and *‘argent’. – Cf. previous Blanch farm. A rent which was required to be paid in coin, whose silver content had been determined by chemical assay. – Cf. Alba firma; Blanc; Farm; Inblanch Blasted. Her. Used of a tree without leaves.
A Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases by Christopher CorÃ¨don