By Frank W. Walbank
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Additional info for A Historical Commentary on Polybius, Vol. 1: Commentary on Books 1-6
38. 3. 3 Cf. Livy, ep. 53, accepting Madvig's emendation C. Acilius. Acilius wrote a history of Rome going down at least to 184 (Dion. Hal. iii. 67. 5). 4 xxxix. 1, retailing Cato's witticism in reply to Postumius' attempt to excuse his Greek. Cicero (pr. Acad. ii. 137) on the contrary calls him 'doctum sane hominem, ut indicat ipsius historia scripta graece'. 5 Ziegler, op. , col. 1562. Mioni (122) suggests that one of these authors was P. Cornelius Scipio, the son of Africanus Maior, the author of 'historia quaedam Graeca scripta dulcissime' (Cic.
25 e. xii. 25 e 7; the analogy is a false one, for Polybius' arm-chair historian does not study memoirs as a model, as the painter studies his predecessors, but as a source. 3 Cf. xii. 25 f 5. 4 xii. 4 c 3, τὸ περὶ τὰς ἀνακρίσεις µέρος; this like so much else was scamped by Timaeus. The main period of Polybius' history fell within the lifetime of people who could be questioned (iv. 2. 2–3), and he made full use of his opportunities; see below, pp. 33 f. 5 xii. 25 g 1–2. 6 xii. ; such personal experience would give among other things the ability to appreciate the economic problems which arise in history; cf.
The histories (also in Greek) of C. Acilius will perhaps have been used for the later part of the Hannibalic War; but if they were published about 142, as seems likely,3 they must have appeared too late for Polybius to use them for the years down to Cannae. Also available, and equally certain to have been read by Polybius, was the πραγµατικὴ ἱστορία of A. 8 Another possible Latin source is L. Cassius Hemina,9 who may have published his first three books before 150; but almost nothing is known about him or the contents of his work.
A Historical Commentary on Polybius, Vol. 1: Commentary on Books 1-6 by Frank W. Walbank