By Afaf Lutfi Al-Sayyid Marsot
Автор - профессор истории Ближнего и Среднего Востока Калифорнийского Университета - в своей книге даёт краткий курс истории Египта - от завоевания государства арабами, через эпоху мамлюков, объединение Египта в Османской империи, либеральные эксперименты в конституционном правительстве в начале двадцатого столетия, продолжившиеся в годы Насера и Садата, до настоящего времени, характеризующегося появлением новых политических партий, укреплением исламского фундаментализма и постепенного изменения отношения к женщинам.Образцы сканов:
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Additional resources for A History of Egypt: From the Arab Conquest to the Present
In 1294 a terrible plague swept the country and was associated with the ruler then on the throne. Some Egyptians saw it as an act of divine retribution, for while the country suffered famine the mamluk amir, who was of Mongol origin, had allowed a whole Mongol tribe to immigrate into Egypt and share the scarce supplies of the country when they were not even Muslims. Eventually his amirs conspired against him out of fear of his partiality for the Mongols. The mamluk amirs fought each other, tortured and imprisoned their opponents and carried out atrocities against one another.
During the interim periods of al-Nasir’s reign mamluk amirs succeeded each other on the throne. None lasted for very long for they were soon overthrown by their colleagues. In 1294 a terrible plague swept the country and was associated with the ruler then on the throne. Some Egyptians saw it as an act of divine retribution, for while the country suffered famine the mamluk amir, who was of Mongol origin, had allowed a whole Mongol tribe to immigrate into Egypt and share the scarce supplies of the country when they were not even Muslims.
One of his viziers discovered that the revenue from land tax was only one million dinars, compared to the more than four million that had been extracted from the population under ibn Tulun in the ninth century, and attempted to reform agricultural practices in order to impose higher taxes. He stopped merchants from buying up crops before they were harvested, a custom which ruined cultivators, who were thus paid lower prices for their harvest than they would have obtained on the open market after the harvest.
A History of Egypt: From the Arab Conquest to the Present by Afaf Lutfi Al-Sayyid Marsot