By Nicholas Rescher
Nicholas Rescher provides the 1st finished chronology of philosophical anecdotes, spanning from antiquity to the present period. He introduces us to the foremost thinkers, texts, and ancient sessions of Western philosophy, recounting the various tales philosophers have used through the years to interact with problems with philosophical main issue: questions of which means, fact, wisdom, worth, motion, and ethics.
Rescher’s anecdotes contact on a variety of themes—from common sense to epistemology, ethics to metaphysics—and provide a lot perception into the breadth and intensity of philosophical inquiry. This publication illustrates a few of the methods philosophers all through heritage have considered the problems of their box, and the way anecdotes can paintings to notify and inspire philosophical suggestion.
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Additional resources for A Journey through Philosophy in 101 Anecdotes
450 BC) was among the founding fathers of the geocentric theory of the universe. But of course if—as he and most ancients came to believe—the earth is at the center of things in space, the question at once arises: What is it that keeps it firmly fixed in place? Already available here was the old Indian theory that the earth was supported by resting on the back of a large cosmic elephant. But what then of that elephant itself? Some apparently suggested that it stood on a tortoise, which in its turn stood on the back of an alligator.
I thought he would show me first whether the earth is flat or round . . and if he said it was in the middle of the universe, he would proceed to explain how it was better for it to be in the middle; . . But as I went on reading I saw Anaxagoras using mind not at all and stating no valid causes for the arrangement of all things, but giving airs and ethers and waters as causes and many other strange things. I felt very much as I should feel if someone said, “Socrates does by mind all he does,” and then trying to tell the causes of each thing I do, if he should say fi rst that the reason why I sit here now is that my body consists of bones and sinews, and the bones are hard and have joints between them, and the sinews can be tightened and slackened .
23. 79 FURTHER READING Whitaker, C. W. A. Aristotle’s De interpretatione: Contradiction and Dialectic. Oxford: Clarendon, 1996. Aristotle, On Interpretation, I 9, 19a30–b5. 49 17 ARISTOTLE’S PRECEPT ON PRECISION HOW IS IT THAT we are content with rough forecasts in medicine or meteorology but demand precision in chemistry and physics? Why employ different standards in different areas of deliberation? On this, as on many other key issues in human affairs, Aristotle had some well-developed views.
A Journey through Philosophy in 101 Anecdotes by Nicholas Rescher